Research proposals are required for all sorts of studies, whether it is a detailed 10000 words thesis or a brief 3000 words project. If there is a research design to be framed, or a literature review to be done, research proposal needs to be prepared and submitted. The length and scope of the proposal will depend on that of the dissertation. Normally a dissertation proposal varies between 5-20 pages.
Whatever be the nature of proposal, it has to be perfect if the researcher wants to get it approved in the first go. As there is a format for dissertation, so is there for a proposal also. It contains an introduction, a literature review, research design and a short conclusion. All this needs to be in order and written in a perfect language, suitable for the master’s degree. Editing services are available for dissertation proposals, which ensure that the proposal is error free and receives the proper response from the supervisor and the review committee.
Dissertation proofreading also includes a check of the proposal. Since the proposal is a vital part of the research, a researcher must make his best efforts for making the proposal in a way which can be followed for the detailed dissertation. It is basically a draft of what the researcher will produce in his research work and proves to be a framework to be followed, regarding the research design, data collection tools and data analysis tools. Proofreading of the proposal needs to be done so that the language and the grammar are as per the requirement. Editing and proofreading together make the proposal so perfect that it cannot be rejected.
Editors are also subject matter experts and check the reliability of the sources used in the literature review, the suitability of the tools chosen for data collection and analysis in the research design and the validity of aims of research or research questions mentioned in the introduction. Thus, all aspects of a proposal are reviewed.
When a researcher looks for sources of reference and existing literature for review, he must not concentrate on one particular source. The researchers must take guidance for knowing the various sources which must be hunted to locate the exact information that one is looking for, and which will suffice the needs of the research. They must also know the ways to locate databases and use the correct language and syntax. Following this formula, they will be able to find the suitable keywords, subject, title and description to identify the relevant references.
Even though there are some standards to be followed and general terms that define a subject, there may be disparity in the way the researchers describe the topic. Especially in case of topics which are relatively new and work on them is in a nascent stage, there are variations in the keywords. So a researcher who has chosen such a topic or phenomenon from this genre will have to do considerable efforts in locating the correct references. PhD thesis editing will be helpful in judging whether the references used in research are appropriate and enough. The editors may suggest inclusion of some more references to enhance the value of the work. Doctoral scholars in the US universities must make use of PhD dissertation editing service for the research document.
Though it is the general view that editing is to be done after the research document is written completely, this is not compulsory. Dissertation editing services can be taken for parts of a dissertation. This means that a researcher might take assistance from professional editors after he has written the literature review, to check the quality and validity of references he has used. Doing so is doubly beneficial, as it ratifies the choice that the researcher has made, and in case there is any correction or addition to be made, it is better to do so before the complete dissertation is written.
As an essential part of a research work, the literature review seeks to attain information about a topic and gathers what all is known through existing works by researchers. The information such gathered has to be comprehensive, reliable and without any biases. The analysis of this information is done to answer the research questions. Thescientific projects used as reference, which have been done after a recognised process of research, impact the review.
Thevalidity of a study is dependent on the way in which its research design is prepared, sampling and data collection, as well as data analysis, are done.Moreover, the credibility of the researcher who has prepared the existing work, the date of publication, the sources which have been used in those works, the place of publication and its source of funding also impact the validity of the chosen reference. Redmark Editing can scan a reference work and tell whether it is suitable for the current research or not.
For a study that a researcher undertakes, he has to define the crucial terms and variables.He has to check whether the psychometric evidence and other type of statistical facts are present or not. Thecollection of data, from the selected sample, has to be done cautiously. The researcher will also have to state the reason for selecting the sample size. Once the draft has been prepared, it has to be checked thoroughly through dissertation editing services.
The objectives of the study have to be defined, along with description of the conditions under which the research is being conducted.Further details about the intervention and activities of the program will be provided. The task of editing a dissertation also includes checking if all this information is present or not.The editors check the reliability and validity of data, as well as description provided.
Research papers, whether empirical or conceptual, have the goal to get published in an international journal of repute. It is only through publication that a research paper gets the recognition and acceptance that it deserves. For the purpose of publishing, the language for a research paper must be kept formal and colloquial terms must be avoided at all costs. The sentences and phrases are longer than in a casual writing form and the structure is complex.
The reason behind these rules is that the research paper is not a literary work, but an effort towards enhancing the knowledge of readers and contributing to the research fraternity. The writing must not attract attention to it, but highlight the ideas expressed in research. Literary devices like metaphors must be avoided and focus must be on conveying the hypothesis and research process, as well as the outcome with clarity. A quality research paper will be written in scholarly language and will not try to imitate spoken language, unlike newspaper and magazine articles. Research paper editing makes sure that the language and presentation of a research paper matches the standard of its readers and fulfills their expectations.
Another tenet of research paper writing is citation of the references. Journals do not entertain researchers whohave stolen someone’s idea and labeled it as their own. Various citation styles are prescribed for research papers, and the kind of audience, as well as the nature of journal will have an impact on the citation style. Authenticity is of utmost value and only properly cited papers are accepted. Moreover, all journals have standards to judge the quality of work by a researcher. Most of the publications require the researcher to keep himself aloof from the research paper. Personal comments and observations have to place in research papers which are meant for publication. Hence, the researcher must not use ‘I’ or ‘we’ when making a statement.
The blind refereeing process followed by the journals for review of papers underlines this point. The papers are sent by the journals to two or three independent evaluators, who are unaware of the source of research paper. They judge the quality of the paper based only on its merit and not on who has written it. Redmark Editing also follows this process and prepares a research paper fit for the journals, so that the editors accept it in the first attempt.
Writing a literature review is one of the primary tasks that a researcher has to handle. This is the second chapter of the thesis, after the introduction and, as such, the research document starts formally from this very chapter. The literature review is study of the existing body of knowledge on a subject. Here, the researcher enumerates the various resources he has found and states the relevant parts from them that support, or disagree with, the current research work. It is essential to state how the references relate to the research and what the researcher has deduced them to form his hypothesis. Thereferences must be properly cited. Using someone else’s work without giving him due credit might cause plagiarism. Thesis editing can be helpful for ensuring correct citation style throughout the document.
Selection of the research questions is the first task that is done for a literature review. Once the issue has been identified, the researcher must look for references that will be useful, like websites, databases, bibliographies, articles and journals. There are reports of original studies conducted on the topic that are available for reference. These data can be accessed online or in hard copy from libraries. After locating the sources, search terms are defined. These terms are some keywords, which help in searching for the relevant information. The keywords can be used to run a search in the online sources and when foundtheir use in the article or report is reviewed. There are professionals attached with thesis editing services, which know about the appropriate sources of reference for a variety of topics and help the researcher in getting the best references with minimum effort and in least time. Boiling down the references to the most crucial part is also supported by the editors
The researcher must satisfy himself of the scientific quality and coverage of the reference. The task of abstracting data from the lengthy report is mostly done in a set format. The synthesis of the abstracts and the review of the numerous references must be done cautiously. Dissertation proofreading may be required to check the synthesis or the actual review. This can be either descriptive, based in the experience and learning of the researcher, or meta-analysis, wherein a combination of statistical tools are also used for joining the results of two or more studies and getting the overall picture.
Dissertation is an academic document written at the master’s or PhD level of research. As such, it can have considerable impact on the academic career of a researcher. Dissertation writing takes years to complete, with many universities prescribing a full five year research for attaining the master’s degree. The effort that goes into preparing a dissertation is immense and the effort consists of both writing and editing.
Dissertation editing is a task that must be undertaken by experts. This is because any chance of flaws cannot be left in the research document. Only professional dissertation editing services have the capacity to successfully edit a dissertation and bring it to a high standard. The requirement for editing is heightened by some factors, which are highlighted here.
When a student has English as a second language, or foreign language, he is not able to do justice to the documentation part of the dissertation. He might do the base work for research and even get all the data, do the data analysis and infer the results. But, even after proving his hypothesis, he might not be able to put down the process and outcome of his research in the form desired by the university. Lack of writing skills and poor command over language can be a hurdle in dissertation work. At such a time, dissertation editing services can prove really helpful and improve the language and vocabulary, apart from removing grammatical and spelling mistakes.
Dissertation editing becomes essential when the student wants to check the validity of the research results and the reliability of the references he has used. Many times the researcher might not be confident of the references. The relation of the references with the current research work must also be clearly stated.The editors can double check the trustworthiness and usefulness of the works cited in the research for supporting the hypothesis.They also check the tools used for analysis and suggest improvements like addition of graphs and tables in the dissertation for facilitating easy understanding.
The strict citation and formatting rules also necessitate the help of a reputed service like Redmark Editing, which has knowledgeable editors. These professionals know the citation rules of various universities and can follow them perfectly. The requirements must be conveyed to the editors and they will implement the style throughout the document.